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FORTY-SEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT 


OF THE 


COLUMBIA INSTITUTION FOR THE 
DEAF AND DUMB 


TO THE 


SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR. 


1904 , 


WASHINGTON: 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE. 

1904. 



COLUMBIA INSTITUTION FOR TUB DHAF AND DUMB. 


OFFICERS OF THE IXSTFIUTION. 

Patron .—Theodore Roosevelt, Rresident ot the United States. 

President .—ICdward Mitier Giilkindet, I’h. D., IjL. J). 

Secretary .—Charles S. lir.adley, esq. 

Treamrer .—Lewis .1. Davis, esq. 

Directors.—Won. Franei.s ]\I. Cockrell, Senator from ]\Iis.souri; Hon. Charles N. 
Fowler, Member of Congress from New Jersey; lion. Thetns \\. Sims, Member of 
Congress from Tennessee, rei)re.senting the Congress ot the United States; Hon. 
Joseph R. Hawley, of Coimecticnt; Hon. John \V. Foster, Hon. David J. Brewer, 
Lewis ,1. Davis, esq., R. Ross Berry, esq., of the District of Columbia; John B. 
Wight, esq., of New York. 


F^acultv or Gallaudkt Coi.leou. 

and professor of moral and jiolilical science .—Edward Miner Gallaudet, 
Ph. D., LL. D. 

Vice-president and profe,m>r of laii(jua(jes.—VAwA.rd A. Fav, M. A., Ph. D. 

Ementus professor of natural science, and lecturer on i)cdag6rji/.—lic\. John W. Chick- 
ering, M. A. 

Professor of history and EingUsh.—J. Burton Hotchki.ss, 31. A., Lift. D. 

Professor of mathematics and Latin.—Xmon G. Draiier, 31. A., Lift. D. 

Professor of natural science.—CharioH R. Elv, 31. .\., Ph. D. 

Professor of applied mathematics and /irifm/oV'/.—Percival Hall, 31. A. 

Assistant professor of nalmatl .science.—WoThurl E. Day, 31. A. 

Assistant professor of JAdin. —Allan B. Fay, M. .\. 

Instructor in history, and liln-arian.-AWoart C. tiaw, 31. A., 31. Dip. 

Instructor in English.—VAizuhoth Peet. 

Instructor in engineering .—Isaac Allison, 10. E. 

Instructors in gymna.stics.—A\ht'rt F. Adams, 31. A.; Bessie B. Harley. 

JnstruHor in drawing .—Arthur I). Bryant, B. Ph. 

Dni’AIiTMUNT OF AuTU'L'I.ATION. 

Professor in charge.—Vorcivul Hall, 31. A. 


Instrnctors.—Kate H. Fish; Albert C. Gaw, 31. A., 31. Di]). 

Nmnal felloim.—Wainy August Guitmeyer, B. A., (loneordia College, Indiana; 
Nellie Nichol, B. L., 3Ioumouth College, Illinois; 3iary Eugenia Thornton, B. S, 
Isbell College, Alabama. . . 

Eorinal student.s.—Wownrd Edgar Thompson, Frederick College, 31arvlaiid; ATin 
Chun;' kim, Seoul College, Korea; Annie Rebecca Kiesel, Central High School, 
Washington, D. C. o - , 

F’acUI.TY of the IvENDAI.r, Sciiooi.. 


iTraidcnb—Edward 3Iiner Gallaudet, Pb. I)., LL. D. 

fnshau'tors —Aainos Denison, 31. A., principal; 3Ielvillc Ballard, 31. S.; Theodore 
Kiesel, B. Ph.; Sarah H. Porter, 31. A.; Bertha (i. Paterson, 31. A.; Clara C.Taliaferro 
Instructors in articulation.—AnnuH. Gaw; Elizabeth Peet. 

Instructor in drawing .—Arthur D. Bryant, B. Ph. 


DojlESTlf Depart.mext. 

Supervisor and dislmrsing agent .—IVallace G. Fowler. 
Attending physician.—D. Kerfoot Sbute, B. A., 31. I). 
Matron. —3Iyrtle 31. Ellis. 

Associate matron.—Amanda 3V. Temiile. 

-Master of shop .—Isaac Allison, FI. FI. 

Farmer and head gardener .—Edward Manguin. 

2 




FORTY-SEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

COLUMBIA INSTITUTION FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 


Columhia Institution fou tiik Deaf and Dumi?, 
Kendall Gre<m, WaGunglon, D. 6'., Octobe'i' 3, IDOJ^. 

The pupils remaining in tlic institution July 1,1903, numbered 100; 
admitted during the year, 52; since admitted, 10; total, 198. Under 
instruction since July 1, 1903, 117 males and 81 females. Of these, 
127 have boon in the college department, representing 31 States, the 
District of Columbia, Canada, and Ireland, and 71 in the primary 
department. Of these, 50 were admitted as boneticiaries from the Dis¬ 
trict of Columbia, and 91 have been admitted to the collegiate depart¬ 
ment under the provisions of the acts of Congress approved A.ugust 
30, 1890, and .Juno 0, 1900. 

A list of the names of the students and pupils connected with the 
institution since July 1, 1903, will be found appended to this report. 

HEALTH. 

General good health has prevaiiled among the students and pupils 
during the year. Three of our young people, one requiring a simple 
surgical operation, were treated at the Columbian University Hospital 
without charge. 

COUKSKS OF instruction. 

In our report five years ago a detailed account of the regular courses 
of study in all the departments of the institution was given. These 
courses remain practically unchanged, and it is thought unnocossar}’ 
to repeat a description of them in this report. 


I.ECTURES. 

As an adjunct to the several courses of study, it has been the custom 
of professors, instructors, normal fellows, and members of the senior 
class of the college to give lectures to the students and pupils during 
the winter. These have been as follows the past year: 


IN THE COLLEGE. 

The Peace Conference at the Hague, by President Gallandet. 
Dante, by Professor Fay. 

The Fools of Shakesi)eare’s Dramas, by Professor Hotchkiss. 
Near-by Historic Virginia, by Professor Draper. 


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COLUMBIA INSTITUTION FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 


The I'X-liaustion of the AVorld’s Fuel Supply aiul its Relation to Civilization, 
hy 1 rolcssor Ely. 

A Trip through tlie A'ellowstoiie, hv Profes.sor Hall. 

The Origin of the Drama, hy l’ri>t. A. B. Fay. 

The Land of the Czar, by I’rofessor Day. 

Life Insuianee for the Deaf, hy Mr. Gaw. 

’ IN TIIK KENDAI.t. SCHOOL. 

Sohrab and Rustum, by Mr. Denison. 

Naval Battles on the Lakes, by Mr. Ballard, 
l leroie IVoinen of the Revolution, by Mr. Bryant. 

The (ireen Knight and (iawayne, by Mr. Roberts. 

Alee, an Indian story, by Mr. Wys. 

The Three Musketeers, by Mr. Drake. 

A Christmas Story, by Mr. Manning. 


TF.OI INICA I. IN ST It UtriTO N. 

I he policy of onconni^iii^ pronii.sinjr yotin}r men ainontf the collt'o'c 
stiicumts to puf.siie scientilic cotir.so.s lias been continued durino- the pii^t 
year. It will ho noticed that threeof the STadiiatino’cla.ss received the 
degree of bachelor of science in June. 'I'wo of them took conr.ses in 
civil cno-ineering and one a course in chemistry. 'I'he last has already 
obtained a po.sition as chemi.st in the Department of Coinmerco and 
L/iiboi. Another young man, who graduated two years ago as bachelor 
of science in civil engineering, is now employed in surveying Govern- 
inent lands in Utah. 4'wo other recent graduates in "science have 
obtauiod positions in schools for the deaf. 8o it is evident that such 
tniming as has been oll'ered along technical lines has not cut off 
those receiving it from employment in old fields, and that, at the same 
time, it has also opened new fields to them. 

In addition to the courses alri'ady ofl'ered. a now course in technical 
work has bemi arranged for the niemliers of the pre.sent senior class. 
It will consist of instruction in drawing and grajihical methods, lectures 
on steam engines, air motors, hydraulic motors, e.\'plosi\ e engine's the 
geiKU'al applications of (dectricity, and the considi'ration of the engi¬ 
neering features of .some of the greatest national and international 
projects now m oiieration or in con.struction. This technical instruc¬ 
tion will be given by Mr. Isaac Allison, who has been for several vears 
at the head of the industrial dejiartincnt of our Kendall School. " Mr. 
Alhson liiis rocH'iitly rocoh i'd tin*. do^Toos of bachelor of seieiieo and 
electrical engineer from thi' George Washington Universitv after 
extended courses of stud\'. 


EXEIUTSES OF I'KESENTATION DAY. 

The fortieth pulilic anniversary of the college was held in the col- 
ic^e chapel on AVednesdav, May 4. 

Kev. John Gordon, I). D., president of Howard University, offered 
the opening prayer. 

I h(! orations delivered by mcinber.s of the graduating class were as 
follows: ^ 

G‘"K'inge, Uarli'y Daniel Drake, Ohio; The Greatest Tliiiia in the World, 
Blaiuhe Mane Hansen, Mimiesota; Scotch Iniluence upon Civilization, Duncan 

TtTF,nM!.',i"n^^ Y r' be Influence of the Poets, Eliie Jane Goslin, Nebraska; 

liicrulureoi Labor, brudenck Janies Wiseoiisiii. 



COLUMBIA INSTITUTION FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 


THE POUTER MEMORIAL. 

Air. Siiiiiuol (i. David.-^on, ;ut instructor in tlio Pennsylv ania Institu¬ 
tion tor t!ic Deaf and Duinh, and a graduate of our college' in l.'SSr), 
.spoke in leelialf of tlie alumni of tlie college, presenting a raluulele 
lueniorial of the late Prof. Samuel Porter, who was for thirtv-live 
years a memher of our college faculty. 

tela. Daviiis().\'’s .Vdi/uksh. 

Ala. I’kksidiln’t, and Ala.Mmats or tiik Facclty, I.adihs axd (;i:nt],i:men': Tlie 
(lailaudet iVluiiini Assiicialion desires to take adviuitage ot’ this jiresentation day 
{lathering of the friends of the college to dedieatea nieniorial to the late Prof. Saninel 
Porter, \yho jiassed aw ay three years ago, after a connection of thirty-five years with 
this institution. During that time every one of llie young men anil women who 
studied here eaine under his instruetion, and niion them all he left the impress of 
his noble, heautifnl, intellectual personality, which will always remain one of the 
ino.st delightlnl meniories of their college days, and which lias been a stimulating, 
directing influence for good in their snhse<|nent careers. 

Me was interested in many branches of science, lie made a notable collection of 
etehing.s and enytravings, and his lectures on art were among the most interesting 
and insp'uctive of the college eoinse. A lover of hooks, he acijnired a large lihrarv 
containing many rare and precious volumes. Notwithstanding the adlietion of deaf¬ 
ness, he was fond of music, played the violin, and made long journeys to attend the 
perforniance of concerts, w hicii he was able to enjoy in a measure through an instru¬ 
ment for aiding the hearing. In short, so catholic were his tastes that all fields of 
knowledge saw him an eager gleaner, and from each he garnered a iuervest that would 
have been considered a suflicient wealth for any one man. 

ilis learning was not a mantle that hung loosely upon him, but a part of his pe."- 
sonality Irom which hi^ could not he dis.sociated. It had not been painfully and 
painstakinglv acquired that lie might be reeognizeil of men, nor did he seek to develop 
Ids natural gifts fortlu‘ sake of the material rewards which tlieir exercise would bring. 
With him knowledge and growth were ends in themselves, not means for the attain¬ 
ment of nltt'T'ior objects, and in them he found a more satisfying ph'asiiri* than riches, 
or power, or the world’s acclaim can give. Yet there was iihoiit him none of the 
narrowness, the sellish absor[)tton, that jierhaps more often and more intensely char¬ 
acterizes the scholar than the practical man of affairs. 

There were no dark corners in his character; all was sweetne.-is and light. For the 
emptiness of vanity there was no room, lie seldom referred to his work, and was 
never dogmatic nor intolerant, but maintained the attituile of the disinterested seeker 
after truth, even when discussing matters in wddeh he was qualified beyond most 
men to speak'with authority. Honors ami titles he ileelincd with a siinidieity that 
admitted no question of his modesty. 

He was of a singularl y equitable teniiierament, and the ino.st mischievous pranks of 
his students failed to disturb his mental .serenity. Here, as in other colleges, the 
undergraduates are not overburdened w ith reverence, and many were the tricks they 
jilayed upon him, taking advantage of his unsuspicious nature, and secure in the 
know ledge that he would deal gently with the offender; yet there was "ot one but 
loved and respected him. He had his trilling eccentricities, but such as only served 
to endc'ar him to those among whom he lived. luiuits Ini must have had, bi'ing mor¬ 
tal, hut 'he lives in the iiieniory of tho.se who sat at his feet in the impressionable 
season of youth as the ideal of a pun*, high-niinded, noble (lliristian gentleman. 

As in miml and character, so in physique he was a type of highest manhood; tall, 
erect, of tine presence, tyith a grand head well poised on broad shoulders, and with 
a countenance radiating intelligence and kindliness, his outward appearance fittingly 
expressed the calm, majestic strength and harnioiiy of his spirit. 

In deciding the form this memorial ghonid take, the alumni were inlluenced. bv the 
character and tastes of Professor Porter, and by what they thought would best please 
him. They have accordingly jiurchased, with small contributions from graduates 
and former students in all jiarts of the country, this set of the New International 
Encyclopedia, siieeially bound, and each volume inscribeil with his name. This 
they jiresent to the undergraduates of the college for their use, and with the hope 
that they will derive from the study of its jiages a mea.sure of the pleasure and instruc¬ 
tion for which they themselves are indebted to the man whom it conuneniorates. 



6 


COLUMHIA INSTITUTION FOR THK DEAF AND DUMU. 


After the unveiling und presentation of the Porter memorial, the 
president of the eollege spoke as follows: 

PKHsn>K.vr Gai.lai'dht’h Addukss. 

The friends who hiive lioiiored ns with tlieir presenee to-day will have learned 
from the profjranune that we are celehratiii" our fortieth anilivorsary. Such an 
occasion siit;^'ests a retrospective f;lance over the years that have passed, and it will 
1)0 tlttiiifj to-day that we review our four decades of history to determine, if we can, 
wlietlier tlie existence of tlie eollofre lias been justitied by ivliat it lias done. 

Tile fierm of tlie collc: 2 :e for tlie deaf was hi a small .school established by Coiiffress 
in 1857 throiiirh the active cooiieratioii of the Hon. Amos Kendall for the education 
of the (leaf and the blind children of the District of Columbia. Jlr. Kendall gave 
the school '2 acres of ground and a small frame building. Two vears later he erected 
at his own expense a brick house at a cost of ¥8,000, and in 1802 Congress appropriated 
¥9,000 for an additional building. In these <iuarter.s the school was carried on suc- 
ce.ssfully, and in 1804 had 58 pupils, some of whom, having been under instruction 
seven y(‘ars, were ready to enter upon advanced courses of study. 

The superintendent of the school, who had come In Washington with the idea of 
endeavoring to secure the establishment of a college for the deaf, felt that the time 
had arrived for acthin in this direction. _ Marly in ]8(U the Senate Committee on the 
District of Columbia was asked to consider a bill authorizing the Columbia Institu¬ 
tion to confer such degrees as are usually granted in colleges. On the ISth of .March 
this bill, having been favorahl)' reportesl from the committee by Senator (Irimes, its 
chairman, was before tiu' Senate. Its passage was o|>po.«ed bv two Senators from New 
England, one of these objecting that it gave thi.s small school for the deaf and the 
blind collegiate powers eipial to those e.xercised by Ilarxard L’niversity; the other 
regarding it as ridiculous to think of conferring collegiate degrees upon tleaf-miites. 
But tluu'e^ came to the sui)port of the bill another Senator from New England, the 
Hon. Daniel Clark, of N(>w ihmnpshiie, who expressed the view that a cla.ss of per¬ 
sons handicapped as the deaf wen' were entitled to every facility that educational 
methods ccjuld afford them, and if it were imssiblo to give them a collegiate education, 
that the stimidns of hoping to receive degrees, such as are conferred in colh'ges, was 
not urireasonable. Senator Clark advocated the bill so ably and so earnestly that all 
opposition was removed and it Was passed without a (iissenting voice. 

A few (lavs later the measure was i)asscd by the House ’.vithout opposition and on 
the 8th of April became law by the signature of President Lincoln. 

On the 28th of June of the ssune year the college was publicly inaugurated, and an 
interesting feature of the exercises was the conferring of the honorary (.legree of mas¬ 
ter of arts on John Carlin, of New York, a deaf-mute of remarkable ability, who had 
mainly by Ids own exertion obtained great proticiency in art and letters. He deliv¬ 
ered an oration on the occasion, and had in years previous published articles advo¬ 
cating the establishment of a college for the deaf. 

Four days later Congress appropriated f2b,000 for the purchase of 13 acres of land 
adjoining the 2 acres previously given by Mr. Kendall. There were on this land 
buildings sufficient for the needs of the college at the time of its opening. 

It is an interesting incident connected with this purchase that on the day the 
money was drawn from the Treasury and paid over to the owners of the real (jstate 
which had been bought, the fortunes of war had cut off Washington from all com¬ 
munication either by telegraph or by rail from the North. 

It will be remembered by tlujse familiar with the history of the strugglesiof Hol¬ 
land against Spain, that the city of I,eyden, while closely invested by Spanish troops, 
organized a university. 

That Coiigress should practically establish a college for the deaf under similar 
conditions is certainly an interesting epi.«ode in the history of education in this 
country. 

During the first vear of the college there were 13 students and 2 profe.^sors. Sev¬ 
eral free scholarshiiis were maintained by private individuals, and in 18G7 Congress 
at the instance of lion. Thaddeus Stevens, provided for 10 free students, this number 
being increased to 25 the following year. 

In 18()i), when the first class graduated, the number of students was 36, and Con¬ 
gress had appropriateil ¥175,000 for grounds and buildings. This favorable condi¬ 
tion had not been attained without oiiposition. During three sessions of Congress, 
the then leader of the House, he being most of the time chairman of the Committee 
on Appropriations, regarding a college for deaf-mutes as unnecessary, and expend!- 



COLUMHIA INSTITimON FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 


7 


tures for its support extravaf'ant, iliil his utmost to destroy the college, and on one 
occasion came so near tlu; accomplishment of lii.s ol>ject as to secure the passage by 
the House of measures wliich, if they had become law, would have juit an end to 
its existence. 

Fortuuahdy, however, friends were raised np for the c.ollef;c both in the House 
and in the Senate, who were able to overcome this opiiosition, and the names of 
Thaddeus Stevens, Rufus R, Spaulding, Lot .M. Morrill, and .lames W. Patterson 
deserve to be rememtiered by the friends of the collefje as among those of its most 
effective snjijiorters. 

The opponent of the college to whom reference h.as been made, and who consid¬ 
ered it absolutely tiseless, lived to see his own nephiwv, a sou of a .'^enat(]r of the 
United fitates, become one of its students atid graduate from it with high honois. 

Amos Kendall attended the first commencement of the college in IStlt), and in an 
address made niion that occasion expressed his great satisfaction at liaviug been per¬ 
mitted to see the college Well established. Hi.s <leath occurred a few months later. 

At its first comtnencetnetit tlie college was welcomed into the repnl)li(^ of letters 
by addresses fr<jm President Samson, of the Columbian University, (ieneral Howard, 
president of Howard University, and Professor Henry, of the Smithsonian institu¬ 
tion. 

The year 1870 was marked by two important events—one the increase of the num¬ 
ber of free scholarshii)S from 2.0 to 40; the other, the purcha.“e of 80 acres of ground, 
cotistituting the estate known as Kendall (ireen, on which Amos Keiulall had livanl 
for many years, when the institution had but 85,000 with which to pay for the laud, 
the purchase price being |H5,000. 

Ten thousand dollars were raised by private subscriidion in Philadelphia, Hartford, 
an<l Boston and [)aid on aocount of this imrchase, and in 1872 Congress came forward 
with an aiipropnation of $70,000 towiiie out the remaining itulebtedness. Thus was 
the beautiful estate of Kendall Green, now comiwising 100 acres, secured for the 
benefit of the institittiou iu all its departments, and Congress, l)y its own action, 
became the trustee of this valuable i>ropertv. 

In years imiuedititely following Congress was liberal in the approjiri-atioti of tnoney 
for the erection of suitable bitildings, and the valuable aid in these measttres of the 
Hon. Hetiry I,. Dawes, .James A. Garlield, William S. Holman, and Samuel .1. 
Randall should be recogtdzod. Mr. Randall, who was known as a close ecotiomist, 
being present at one of our anidversitries, expressed his ititerest in the work of the 
college and justilied his own course in Congre..'s in the following pointed language: 

“ 1 want to say that it is a great source of satisfaction to tell you to-day that in all 
my public connectioti with at'propriations from the Treasury I have never sought to 
strike at either science or charity. This institidion eondiines both. \Yhere is the 
heart or the head that would throw any obstacle in the way of the uscfulnes.s of such 
an establishment as this? Where is the. heart or the mind that wotdd tiot i)romote to 
the uttermost of its power such an institution in its full measure of ttsefulness ? ” 

In 1887 the authorities of the college determined to open its doors to young ladies 
on the same ternrs as had previously been accorded to young men. in 1890 
Congress increased the number of free scholarships to (iO. 

In 1801 Congress made especial provi.sion for the teaching of speech, and a normal 
department was established for the training of young men and young women 
posse.ssed of all their faculties, in the methods of teaching the deaf. This depart¬ 
ment has proved of great value, not only to our own institution but to the schools of 
the country iu general. The i>re.sencc of these young peojile in our own corps of 
instruction gives us a valuable service in the teaching of speech to our studeids. 
After a connection with the college for a year they go out into the schools for the 
deaf throughout the country prepared to do important work in these establishments. 
There have been (17 students in our normal department, 47 of whom, or more than 
two-thirds, are now engaged in the different aidiools of this country. 

Since, the organization of the college 789 students have been admitted, representing 
41 States and Territories, the District of Columbia, Canada, Ireland, lOngland, Itidia, 
and Korea. Two hundred and eighty of these have gradttated from full courses 
with degrees. The master’s degree has been conferred upon 111 in course, and there 
have been 87 honorary di’grees conferred. These honorary degrees have iti all cases 
been conferred on iiersons who h.ave been engaged in the education of the deaf in 
this country, in Canada, England, Ireland, Australia, Norway, Swedeti, Belgium, and 
Germany. 

It will be of intcK'st to know of what practical ttse to our students their college 
training has been; what it has enabled them to do in life which they would not have 
been al)le to do had they not received the higher education. 



8 


COLUMBIA INSTITUTION FOB TIIK DEAF AND DUMB. 


Some years apo a meml)er of Oonpress, who was on leave of absence from his posi¬ 
tion as tlie president of a New Enpland collepe, visited our class rooms and looked 
over the work vvith a preat deal of interest.. As he was about leai'inp, he said to me, 

I see that the deaf are perleetl v eaiKihle of siieeessfully ] mrsuinp a course of advanced 
study, but of what use will it be to them after they have pradiiateil? ” 

• this gentli'inan a somewhat prominent iiews])aper published, I thoiipht, 

in the distriet which he represented, and asked him if he was familiar with the 
paper. Oh, yes, he said, I know it very well; it is a very good paper, and it 
opposed my reelection to Conpress.” ” i i > 

iniblished and edited by a graduate of this college ” 
can do^ "'‘'at graduates of your college 

A iniinber of oiir graduates have been engaged in newspa])er work in various 
(ap.u ities, many ot them are succe,sslul teachers in .schools for the deaf, and several 
have been iirimapals aiid tounders of such schools. A considerable number have 
taken places in the civil service of the Ooverinneiit, in the Treasiirv, in custom¬ 
houses, 111 post-olhccs, in the Patent Otlice, in the Pension Oflice, and in other depart¬ 
ments. Some have takeii uji library work; some are engaged in banking, some are 
trmt glowers and .scientific larmers; several are successful architects; a number are 
prac leal cheiimsts and assayers; one has attained eminence as a patent lawyer; 
another lias been for severa years an ellicient botanist and biologist at the agriciil- 
tuial station ot a Southern State. Dthers have succeeded as artists, engravers, litho¬ 
graphers, and jihotographers, as eleciricians, as publishers, and as expert nianiifac- 
b\",lTff ootisiderable number have been ordained as clergvmen 

n ditleient denominations and are now mini.stering as such to adult deaf-mute con- 
gtegations in our largo cities and towns. 

But in estimating the value of what tins college has done for the deaf of the coiintrv 
much more must be considered than the mere fact that it has enabled its graduates 
to take positions of high rank and greater usefnine.ss in the world than they eoiild 
have aspired to without the training the college ha.s given them. 

lo Uie deal even m greater measure than to tliose po.ssossing all the sense.s mental 
not VP fb honediction. _ .Did even though their higher education did 

Woml nil , ^7?'“ f.winmercial point of view, which in iiiaiiv cases it does 

1 I,d /lul l' ^i '° ‘.'r " 'V“"y’'rightened and their self-resiiect 
U ^thel u//. I<'i'n have the coinforting' conviction that in sjiite of their disabili- 
wbile to DTHiblic of letters, is it not worth 

/ .MS m u r 1 '‘‘7’ ="><1 develojiinp the iiowers thev do pos- 

The Congress of the United .'States has an.swered this rjiie.ntion in the atiirmative 
and has'given liberal support to the college for the deaf during all the forty years of 
ts existence. That this support will be continued the deaf of the country lu d tl ei 

T ^ "itl' ^'verv added year the ,isefulne.«s and 

the btiK.\olem e ot the work of the college wall be increasingly apparent 

to inir/i?,', p"‘fUess has raised the number of free scholarships from GO 

t IllO tlui.s giMiig what may be regarded as an irrevocable sanction to the objects 
the college is endeavoring to accomplish. •' 

Fortins generous actiim on the part of the representatives of tlie people of the 
country the deaf and their friends return their mo.«t sincere and hearty thanks. 

Candidate,s for degrees and diplomas as roconnnended Itv the faeiiltv 
were then pre.sented a.s follows; 

/'hr the deifree of hnrhehr of plrilosophi/.—V.rmvt Samuel Mather, Indiana. 

rivmrnl f«ic/ic/or pt .y,vriaT.--Frederi<'k .lames Neesam, Wisconsin; .lohn 

CiiariLH u inciniller, Ohio; David lru*dtiian, Oliio 

T'or fJie degree of of arh.-~\Uir\ey Duiiud Drake, Ol.io; Artl.ur Laniviice 

nl’incm/’\mm7T’’ .>Minnesota; KItie Jane (ioslin, Nebra.ska; 

D im .11 Ai gi s Cameron, Wisconsin; Ernest.lacksoii Hendricks, Arkaii.-as; W’inlield 
Elias Marshall, Aew 'lork; Louis Philip .Schulte, Pennsylvania; Ida Wiedenmeier, 

p, a., (iailaudet College, liiOO- 
-f- "’*”Wen, B. A.,’ 

CoK C^;/^ Bo Bniory 

Massachusetts; Helen 



COLUMIJIA INSTITUTION FOR THE DEAF AND 


DUM15. 


dof'Tees in course liiul been presented 


Al't(!r the candidates for 
rresident (Jallandet said: 

Ladies and tJKN’rEE.MEx: I am autliorized by the board of directors of onr college 
to announce the con errni}; of a fe\y honorary decrees. Our coilcfre has lieim verv 
Kliarnif; in trivinji;such <le:,n-ees, liavinj; conferred, as yon will recall was slated a few 
inoinents aso only thirty-sm en in the forty years of its existence; but this vear, hav- 
nif,' leached the tm'tieth milestone, we have felt it was proiier that we sho'uhl reeoe- 
nize in this wav the very creditable attainments some of onr aradnates have iiiaire 
in acience and kdtera. 

f f‘«‘'frrred on iMr. Louis C. Tuck, of the class 

ot Ihh) Air. i nek has: loiiK been a successful teacher of the deaf in the Alinnesota 
btate school, and has done pood work as the librarian of that in.stitution. He has 
also written on educational subjects for the AniiaLs and for other iniblications in the 
interest ot th(^ dead 

Mr. Samuel (L Davidson of the class of 188.5, who has aiipeared before vou this 
atternoon in connection with the memorial to l*rofc.«.“or Porter, has also beeirselected 
or the honorary depree of master of arts. Mr. Davidson has fora number of vear.s 
been an instructor 111 the advanced department of the Pennsylvania institution for 
the (leal. tl(( was for a loop time the editor of the jiaper laiblished by that institu- 
tuni and has forsonie time been the editor of the Association Review, 
our ('olle'm-''^' l«ttL‘rs has been conferred uiion the following graduates of 

Mr. ,7. Burton Ilntclikis.s, of the class of 18(19. Air. Hotchkiss has been since his 
graduation connectiid with the lac.iilty of our college, and it is well known bv niaiiv 
pre.sent tci-day what valuable service he has rendered in his department, 

Air. Koj-iert Patterson, ot the class of 1870. M r. Patterson has 1 leen for man v vears 
the piiuciiad of the educational departmentof the Ohio institution, one of the'largest 
' bvehundn-d piipiks. Air. Patter.son hasdirected the 

educational affairs ot that institution with signal success 

Mr. Ainos O Draper, of the class of 1872. Air. Draper has for manv vears past 
rpi:,th\?r tlie faciiltv ot this college. He has written largelv'on subjects 

relatin to the deal and their education. His work is well known to manv of you. 

at ‘the hi' ! 'ef the 'T'h x!*'- of vbars been 

at the head of the (orps of instructors ot the New York institution for the deaf and 

p, pt V'-''-’f ''■« lias written on subjects 

connected witfi deat-nintc i'ducation. 

Air. .James L Smith, of the cla.ss of l,88;j. Air. .Smith is connected in a similar 
capacity with the school tor the deaf in Alinncsota. Air. Smith is also an editor and 
Avritor whoHO ^v()^k ih widely known, in onr profession. 

These! five gentlemen we feel are all deserving of tlie degree of doctor of letters, 
inc dcjrrec of do(dor <it sciences lias been vot(‘<l to tlic folio wins; gentlemen: 

tiimtinOf Ifougherty has achieved dis- 

1 PPl p r ‘‘/■.‘‘.“"ft “"‘f afisayer He has not only gained recognition in the prac- 
tmal iiprk of his cho.«c-n calling, but is a writer of considerable rojmte, his articles on 
scientihc subiects having been jiublished not only in American journals, but having 
Furop’r” I'reiicli and (iernian and received with great favor in 

Air. Herald AIcCarthv, of the class of 1887. Air. AIcCarthy is a prominent botanist 
and biologist, connected with the North Harohna agricultural exp(>riinent station at 
pi('fJ£lion '"‘'“'y i''il>i>i-tant articles on subjects connected with his 

The.-e gentlemen are thought to tie worthy of the degree of doctor of science. 

Intiodiiciiijri- President (Tiliimn as the .orator of the day, President 
(jialliuidet said: 

Lai)ies_ani) He.nti.e.me.n: It has been a great pleasure to us to have with us from 
time to time on onr anniver.sary occasions representatives of other institutions of 
learning, and we have had many with ns during all these vears, but I can not take 
tlKi turn; to recount the names of those who have honored us. A friend is with us 
to-day, iKiweviw, who has addres,«ed ns on several occasions. This friend renresent^ 

Irm wl. rfv P'’ lT»itt‘d .states. He i.s a distinguished 

graduate of \ ale, and holds honorary degrees from Ahde, Harvard Princeton, Hohim- 
bia, and other universities of this country. He was the founder of a colle.re on the 
I mahe cciast, and its first presii ent. He organized the great university at Baltimore, 
and piesided over it for more than a quarter of a century, and now in the maturity of 



10 COLUMlilA INSTITUTION FOB THE DEAF AND DUMB. 


Ida years he has been called to be the head of the unique institution recently estab¬ 
lished in this city for acientilic research. Tina friend, as I have said, has addressed 
ns on several occasions in the past, and we are especially firatifieil to have him with 
us to-day. 1 take much pleasure in prescntiiifr him as the representative of sister 
institutions, and also of the larfrer educational interests of this country, lie needs 
no introduction. You will all welcome and he glad to hear from President Daniel 
C. liihnan, of the (’arnegie Institution. 

IhiKBiDEN'r Gii.m.vn’s Addukss. 

L.\niES A.Ni) Genti.kme.n: I am sure of your consent, and probably of your a[i])roval, 
if 1 l)egin my remarks by speaking for you instead of speaking to yon. Let me, there¬ 
fore, turn to the originator, the admiid.strator, and the jiresiding genius of this college 
and I'ongratnlate him upon the achievements which this day commemorates. 

jMr. I’l'csident, forty years is a long jicriod in any life; forty years of steady, happv, 
successful progress, in (ine jilace, with one purpose, with one resolution, are rarely 
allowed to any man. IMoses wearied by the way in his exodus of forty years, and 
failed at last to reach the jironnsed land. In this respect many men have been like 
IMoses. 

But yon have not weariid nor halted, and now with advancing years the dreams 
of your youth have hecon.e reality. In the name of this company of your friends, 
colleagues, sniiporters, graduates, and scholars (may I add as a friend from your 
youth onward) I congratulate yon on this anniversary, so full of personal associa¬ 
tions, joyful and sad; so full of ollicial memories, dilficulties overcome, succerses 
reached, hopes attained, victory won. Be happy in these recollections, and let us 
who are present and hosts who are at a distance he, Inqipy with you. 

You are one of those fortunate men who found in early youth a lit career. Hered¬ 
ity favored you. In the annals of modern philanthropy lio name is more honorable 
than that of your father, the earliest teacher of American deaf-mutes, a man of sagac¬ 
ity, versatility, common sen.se, and, above all, of supreme devotion to tlie service of 
hiH fellow-men. His name is illustrious. Norcan I forget your mother, whose speech¬ 
less signs were your earliest iutroduefion l(r the language'of the deaf, whose benign 
sympathy and encouragement gave strength to your efforts during tin; long ]ieriod 
through w'hich her life extended. Education helped you, by the fireside and at school, 
in a city of cultivated home.“, in the land of steaily liahit.s, the seat of colleges, and 
the center of efforts for the henelit of mankind as abundant as they were suggestive. 
Opportunity sought you, and, as soon as you were w<.inted to the manly toga, called 
you to Washington, where, before the eyes of the nation, in the presen'ee of leading 
statesmen, you were to unhild the possibilities of <ieaf-muto instruction. Of such 
inheritance, education, and opportunity you have been worthy, and were your labors 
now to end we should offer you the victor’s crown. On the contrary, we bespeak for 
you more years to live, more advances to make, more success to he attained. Happy 
IS he whose labors for others are continued active as long as the stream of life courses 
through his veins. 

You have avoided, Mr. President, a temptation to which you might have yielded— 
the temptation to tell a jicrsoual narrative. I have no doiibt you could have made 
an interesting story, (piite charming to the readers of Hoar and Newcomb, if not so 
comprehensive as the massive memoirs of Gladstone or the extraordinary introspec¬ 
tions of Herbert Spencer. Instead of biography you have given us history. It is a 
chapter in evolution, the development of an “a'sy'lum,” a “refuge,” a “retreat” for 
those who were thought to need protection if not Eolation, into a college where the 
same opportunities for intellectual culture are provided as are offered to those who 
have hearing. 

lYrhaps deafness is not without alleviations. How many things the ear hears 
which the sign manual does not repe’at. I may he in error, but it seems to me that 
insinuations, detractions, slanders, and gossip must he held in quarantine or not 
allowed to pass into the minds of the deaf. If .so, the deaf have their advantages. 

Great as the change has been since your father began the American .School at 
Hartford fourscore years ago, manifold as are the offsprings of that school in every 
part of our Union, great as your achievements have been in the development of this 
college, I am not sure that your work is complete. Are there not certain classes of 
the deaf whom you have never reachexl? Howahout those of us whose auditory organs 
are perfect, yet who are deaf to the cries of distress, the needs of the destitute, and 
the calls of duty? Are not there many persons not enumerated as deaf in the census 
who are deaf to the lesson.s of nature," the experience of nations, the utterances of 



COLUMBIA INSTITUTION FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 


11 


the wisest leaders of our race? Will there never be an awakenirif: for those who are 
ethically deaf? Is there no power to break the silence of tliose who never speak in 
behalf of charity, education, and {rood governinent? I leave the question without 
any attempt to answer it. 

May I venture to extend your liistorical retrospect beyond your iiieniory or mine, 
and reniind this audience of the slowness with which good ideas are brought to fru¬ 
ition? Twelve hundred years ago one of the sainted scholars of Anglo-Saxon times, 
known as the V’enerable Bede, recorded in his Ecclesiastical History that a bishop of 
his dav taught a deaf-mute to rejieat letters, syllables, and even words and sentences 
utter him. The tact was cited as a miracle. Almoist a thousand rears passed before 
this seed began to sprout. Yet it had the vitality of a grain of corn buried with a 
mummy. ^ At length in England, Erance, Sjiain, Italy, and (lermany, with varying 
degrees ot energy and skill, the in.striiction of deaf-niutes began. Foremost among 
the leaders were the Abbe de I’Epee and his scholar the Abbe Sicard. flow were 
the seeds transplanted to this country and made to bear fruit in the virgin soil of 
America? A comtiany of Huguenots, driven from France bv the well-known per¬ 
secutions, were established in this eonntrv in the seventeenth centurv. .Alanv 
tamihar names are in that honor list—among them that of Peter Elisha (hillaudet, ii 
physician. FTotn that immigrant Thomas H. (iallaudet de.scendcd. He was born 
to wise benevolence to skillful henelicence. A liberal education made him an 
all-round man. But law did not attract him, nor business, nor the ordinarv work 
of instruction; and even the gospel mini.stry, tor whidi he was prepared, did’ not at 
that time satisfy his aspiring nature. What seems an accident oi.ened the door to 
his career. A little girl playing in the garden next his father’s garden, deprived of 
the powers of speech and hearing, attracted his attention, and Alice Cogswell’s story 
too oiten told for me to reiieat, was the beginning of deaf-mute instruction in America! 
rh(‘He art* familiar facts well known to y.onr colleaj^ues and to manv others in this 
assembly. 

How many times has a little child awakened the symiiathies and developed the 
thoughts of tlie beneficent. \ou may remoinber that it was two vonng women in 
Versailles that aroused the Abbe <le l’K|»ee, ami if I repeat tlie names of Julia brace, 
Laura Undgman, and Helen Keller yon will surely be reminded of others less talked 
about perhaps, but not less remarkable instances, young woimni who have evoked 
tlie most patient and the most ancccssful instruction, and have been enabled in a 
to overcome their limitations. It was Aliee Cogswell’s ease that stmt to 
iatis Thomas 11. (ralhutdet. It was by tlio Abbe Sieard tliat lie was eonnsided. At 
his instance came thoAlilie Sicard’s pupil, Clere, to tliis cmintrv. The American 
ophool was founded in Hartford, and now tliroiighoiit the land a hundred institu¬ 
tions are establialied. Tlius slowdy germinate ideas. 'Twelve iiundred vears imo 
seeds were planted. Two hundred and lifty years ago they began to put forth leuvw. 
Faghty years ago they were transplanted to our soil. Now, for forty vear.s in tlie 
nation’s capital thi.s noble institution lias fionrished. 

This is all a chapter in the higlicr ediieation of this eountrv; and the titles of other 
chapters are the.«e: Tlie recognition ot tlie scientilie method; the develoimient of 
higlier education; tlie growtli of endownient.s; tiie universal estalilishmenf of com¬ 
mon schools; the recognition of the value of manual education; tlie renovation of 
medic.al science, followed by the extermination of dire diseases. 

Take courage, all who are disposed to doulit as to tlie progress of mankind. Listen 
not to the cries of the iiessimists. Believe not tliat the world is decadent nor heed 
the alarms of the timid. 

The exofci.ses of the daj' were closed with the benediction bv 
Rev. Samuel II. Greene, D. D., pastor of Calvary liapti.st Chureb. 

xU the end of the colleire year, dcjrrecs.were conferred in accordance 
with the reeoinmendation.s of pre.sentation day, with the addition of 
Mr. Raul Revere Wys, of Minnesota, who received tlie deo’rec of 
bachelor of philosoph}^. 



u 


C()X.UM1!IA INSTITUTION FOR THE DEAF AND DUMII. 


RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES. 

Tlio receipts iind expotuliture.s for the year under review will appear 
from the following detailed statements: 

SrerouT of the Institction. 

liECEIITS. 

liiilaiuH' from old account. §420. (19 

From tJio Treasury of tlic United States. 70, 500. 00 

Board and tuition. 4, TKi. 07 

Dainafte to jirounds. 37.50 

Slioe repairs. 19.55 


Total. 75,Oi)4. 41 

E.\l>ENI)m;i!ES. 

Salario,s and watre.s. §42, 2.57. 81 

]ni|)ro\ enu‘nts. ;.j;E 72 

JliscclIancouH repairs.. 2,194. 78 

Ilouseliold e.xj)enses and inarketinfr. 4,075.37 

-bleats.]].. 5, ,325. 72 

Groceries. , 3 , 708 . 22 

Hread.. 1 , 0 !). 5 . .58 

Butter and cRfjs. 1 , 981.20 

IMcdical attendance and nursiii". 023 . 25 

Telepliotios and electric clocks.;. 270. 0,5 

Furniture.. 349.02 

l.uinber. 482. 98 

Dry 8 'oods.!.’!!!.’!!!!!” 4fi5! 54 

. 2,511.30 

raints Lind oils. ]52. 70 

faei.!!!!!!!! 4 , 429 ! so 

. 1,050.91 

iNledicines and chemicals. • 28i). 08 

-Books and stationery. 288.10 

Hardware.".. 283.80 

I’lants, seeds, and tools. 271.99 

Blactksmithing. 177 , jq 

Carriage re]iairs. 00. U) 

Ice. 322, 24 

Live stock. 73 O, 34 

Incidental e.vpenses. 355.42 

Crockery. 292. 39 

Stamped envelopes. 42.40 

Auditing accounts. 300 . 00 

I’rinting.!!!!!!!!.'!!!]!.’ 45 ! (i5 

Harness and rejiairs. I 99 . 25 

i^ertnn's.!!!!!!!!!!”!!!!!!! 50 ! oo 

ITintmg press. 1,50.00 

(lyiniiaHiuiii goods. 19.00 

llaUuu'C. 28 


Total. 75 , (;() 4 , 44 

Sl’KClAL KeF.VIRS. 

Received from tlie Treasury of tlie United States. ,§ 3 , 000. 00 

E.VJ’ENniTlRES. 

Plumbing and steam fitting. §1,577. 77 

Paints and oils. ’ 459 ' pp 

Paperhanging.34L 33 

Mason work. 101.50 

Painting and carpentering. 317.00 

Asi)halt paving.I .! 20o! 40 


Total. 3 , 000 .00 





















































COLUMBIA INSTITUTION FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 
Bi'ii.DiNds Axn GKotrxns. 


13 


Ileceix-ed frrun tlie Treasury of the United States 


EXPEXniTURHS. 

Architect’s services. 

Labor.. 

Brickwork.!!!! 

Excavation and asj)lialt work.' 

Ironwork. 

Luniber.]. 

Booling. 

Milhvork, doors, and windows. 

I’luinbing and gas fixtures. 

Stonework. 

Electric wiring and liglitning rods.' ' 

Hardware and trimmings... 

Laundry machinery ... 1. 

Stuccowork and plastering. 

Steam fitting...” ” 

IMetal lathing. 

Paints and oils. 

Galvanized cornices and work. 

Balance.' 

Total. 


SlIO, 000. 00 


$1,098.90 
M, .598. 2!) 
7, ,5()L SO 
2, 2i:l. 87 
1,901. 27 
1,789. 82 
.508. .55 
2, 070. 02 
1, 6.50. 92 
:!05. 85 
888 . 58 
490. ,54 
1,896. 68 

1, 185, 00 
267. 72 
170.00 
165. 55 
581. 01 

2, 710. 68 


80, 000. 00 


E.STIMATE.S FOB NEXT YEAH. 

Iho follotviufr csliinate.s for the li.scal vofir eiidiii'i’Juno 30. lilofl. 
have alrefid}’ Ix'en sulnnitted: 

For the .support of the' institution, iticludinjr salaries and incidental 
expenses, for l)ooks find illustrative iipparatus, and for treneral rertairs 
ancl unprovenients, $73,000. 

Ijoi lejffiirs to the luiildiun's of the institution, including pluinhinir 
and .stoain littitig, and for repairs ,to pavements within the (-•rounds'^ 
$3,000. 

For additions to the huildinjrs of the institution, to furnish addi¬ 
tional accDininodations lor pupils, and to provide for the heatinc of 
the huildino-s from a central plant and for lin-litino- the huildiim-s hv 
electricity, $30,000. 

_ 1 he following e.stiniate has heen siiliinitted as a didiciency for th(> 
hscitl year ending Ju„c 30, 1005: For the support of the in,;titution. 
including salaries and incidental expenses, for books and illustrative 
apparatus, and for general repairs and iinprovenients, $Lh500. 

riie need for this delicieiicy aiipropriatiou has arisen in jiart from 
the increased expense we have had to incur for fuel, owinf to the 
unusual severity of the last winter, and for the greatlv increased cost 
of ])rovisions. 

I he estimates for current ex])enses are equal in amount to the sum 
of the appropriations and ('stimates for the current vear. 

The estimate of $30,000 i.s for improvements, the need for which 
has liecome very pre.ssing. 

L'iie seven principal buildings of the institution are heated hv sepa¬ 
rate boilers, at much greater e.xpensc than would be incurred were 
thc} liojitcd fioin Ji ccntnil station, Alost of tho boilers now in use 
are quite old and liable to give out at any time. 

We have long felt the need of substituting electric light for o-as in 
our buildings, and this can be done at small additional expense .sdiould 
























14 COLUMBIA INSTITUTION FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 


a central heatino- plant be provided for. The same boilers that fur¬ 
nished steam for heating piu’poses would give the power needed for 
running a dynamo. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. By order of the lioard of 
directors. 

E. M. Gali.audet, President. 

Hon. E. A. IliTCiicooK, 

Secretary of the Interior. 


Catalogue op Students and Purus. 


IN THE COLLEGE. 


Alabama: 

(t. Herman llarjier. 
Arkansas: 

Ernest J. Hendricks. 
Daisy M. Henderson. 
Color.ado": 

Bert L. Forse. 

Edna A. Drumm. 

Frank Horton. 
Connecticut: 

Helen E. Fi.oh. 

Delaware: 

May 1. Dougherty. 
Florida: 

Alice A. Nicholson. 
Georgia: 

Anna \V. Allen. 

Illinois: 

Paul H. Erd. 

Edward H. Garrett. 
Charlotte E. Hall. 
Catherine P. IMarks. 

Leo R. Hoi way. 

F'rederick W. iiichoneman. 
Edith Peel. 

Indiana: 

Ernest S. Mather. 

Robert E. Binkley. 

Earl M. Mather. 
loAva: 

IMabel E. Fritz. 

Loui.s ,T. Poshusta. 

Fred. D. Curtis. 

Early R. Elder. 

AValter F. Poshusta. 

Hattie Gifford. 

Carrie Hargens. 

Sarah B. Streby. 

Kansas: 

Arthur L. Roberts. 

Frank E. Mikesell. 

.Tohn C. Peyton. 

Iona Tade. 

Alay Thornton. 

IMazie F. Britt. 

Claibourne F. Jackson. 


Kan.sas—Continued. 

Thomas S. Williams. 
.Tohn Dusch. 

IMary ,1. Gilhnan. 
Kentucky: 

William C. Fugate. 

Otto C. Aleunier. 

Snowa P. Frost. 

Alvin L. Kutzleb. 
Chester D. Erwin. 
George E. Hartman. 
Maine: 

Fannie P. Kimball. 
Lulu A. Mayo. 
Maryland: 

George Brown. 

Arthur Hnffinaster. 

IV. I’errin Leo. 

George H. Faupel. 

J. .1. F. Leitch. 

Herbert C. Leitch. 
Mas.sachusetts: 

Charles A. Mailoch. 
Michigan: 

William S. Hunter. 
Clyde Stevens. 

Margaret M. Leveek. 
Harold Preston. 
Minne.sota: 

Paul R. IVys. 

Blanche M. Hansen. 
Helen M. Garrity. 
Edward M. Rowse. 
Harry T. Johnson. 
Ernest B. Ringnell. 
Henry E. Bruns. 

E. I.eo Joyce. 

.Tohn II. ilcFarlane. 
F’rederick .1. O’Donnell. 
Dean E. Tomlinson. 
Ellen D. Johnson. 
Mississippi: 

Hugo H. Matzner. 
Missouri: 

W. Howe Phelps. 

Irene P. Burow. 



COLUMHIA INSTITUTION FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. 


Catalociuu op Students and Pupils— Continued. 
IN THE coLLEOB—Continued. 


Nebraska: 

Etlie J. (ioslin. 

Emma (I. Morse. 
Hattie B. Ren. 

Perry E. SeeljL 
Mary Sinrlia. 

Hester M. Willinan. 
New ,Ier.soy; 

Morton H. Henry. 
New York: 

Winfield E. Marshall. 
William \\'. Sayles. 
Louise E. Turner. 
North Carolina: 

James M. Robertson. 
Odie W. Underhill. 
North Dakota: 

Carrie Lemke. 
William O. IMessner. 
W. Leister Williams. 
Ohio: 

Ida Wiedenmeier. 
Harley D. Drake. 
David Friedman. 
John C. Winemiller. 
Warren Hoverstiek. 
Elina Siioer Boyd. 
Winifred M. Jones. 

E. Elizabeth Laing. 
Alice G. Neldon. 
Arthur Hinch. 
Pennsylvania: 

, Louis P. Schulte. 

Dan M. Reichard. 
Charles L. Clark. 
Laura A. Bigley. 

John G. Escherich. 


Pennsylvania—Continued, 
William Cooper. 
Trancis M. Holliday. 
Rhode Island: 

Moses Goldonofsky. 
South Carolina: 

Robert O. Glover. 
Tennes.see: 

John B. Chandler. 
Texas; 

C. Hunter Cooley. 
Beulah B. Cliristal. 
Willie L. Kilgore. 
Robert L. Davis. 

Utah: 

Lillian Swift. 

Virginia: 

Bickerton L. Winston, 
Alvah JI. Rasnick. 
Charles H. Williams. 
Nancy E. Hooper. 
0.“car E. Holmes. 
Mary A. Scott. 
Washington: 

T. A. IV. Lindstrom. 
Edna L, Marshall? 
Susie Dickson. 
Wisconsin: 

Duncan A. Cameron. 
Fred. .1. Neesam. 

Enga C. Anderson. 
District of Columbia: 

Sarah L. Dailey. 
Canada: 

Arthur Jaffray. 
Ireland: 

John IV. McCandless. 


15 


Pupils in the Kendall School. 

FEMALES. 


Ada Baker, District of Columbia. 
Alzenoba Baker, District of Columbia. 
Susan F. Chamberlain, District of Colum¬ 
bia. 

Bertha Conaway, Delaware. 

Myrtle FI. Connick, District of Columbia. 
Marion Crump, District of Columbia. 
Sarah ].. Dailey, District of Columbia. 
Mary E. Duncan, South Carolin.a. 

Rosa i'larly. District of Columbia. 

Maud E. Edington, District of Columbia. 
Carrie Elliot, Delaware. 

Gertrude Fagan, Delaware. 

Mazie Flippings, District of Columbia. 
Louise J. Golding, District of Columbia. 
FJsie Hutchins, District of Columbia. 
Florence Johnston, Delaware. 

Tina IL Jones, Delaware. 

Grace Kelly, District of Columbia. 


Cornelia J. C. Linder, South Carolina. 
Ida M. Littleford, District of Columbia. 
Mary Ludwig, Arkansas. 

Matilda Maddox, District of Columbia. 
Florence C. Marshall, District of Colum¬ 
bia. 

Mamie L. Marshall, District of Columbia. 
Edna Miller, District of Columbia. 

Mary G’Rourke, Delaware. 

I Olivia Petersen, Delaware. 

Sophia Stansbury, District of Columbia. 
Laura Sykes, District of Columbia. 

Sadie Talbert, District of Columbia. 
Glendora Taylor, Delaware. 

Fhlio Thomas, District of Columbia. 
Louise C. Turner, New York. 

Alaggie Vaughan, District of Columbia. 
Alice Woolford, District of Columbia. 
Florence Young, District of Columbia. 



16 COLUMlilA INSTITUTION FOK THK DKAF AND DUMB. 


I’tiWLs IN THE Kendaei. Sciioor.—Continufd. 

MALES 


Benjaniin Beaver, District of Colniiibia. 
Kdwanl F. lieiriie, New York. 

(k‘orge W. Bloedel, Beiinsylvania. 
AVaiter Carioeaii, Delaware. 

AVilliaiii Henseii Clark, District of Co¬ 
lumbia. 

Arthur Dillon, New A’ork. 

Miner Kllis, District ot Columbia. 
AAhillaee F.(linj;tou, District of Columbia. 
Jacob FsUin, Di.strict of Columbia. 

]Mo.ses Coldoiiofsky, Hiiode Island. 
Ulysses C. Cordon, District of Columbia. 
Cliarlcs (lorman. District of Columbia. 
AVilliam .A. Cray, District of Columbia. 
Raymond Johnson, District of Columbia. 
Bobert Johnston, Delaware. 

Alitchell K(>rii, Tennessee. 

Artliur boiift, DelawiirS. 

Lewis .1. Lout;, Delaware. 

Jolm W. AIcCauley, Di.strictof Columbia. 


John MeInto.sh, Di.stri(J of CoIuTiibia. 
Isaac L. Marshall, Di.strict of Columbia. 
James A. Nash, District of Columbia. 
Lester Naylor, District of Columbia. 
Josepli B. Riley, District of Columbia. 
William .1. Riley, District of Columbia. 
John Shields, District of Columbia, 
(tliarlcs Sliepberd, District of Columbia. 
J. l^eoiiard Stark, District ot Columbia. 
Raymond Stillman, District of Columbia. 
Josepli Stinson, District ot Columbia. 
Artliur Swarts, Delaware. 

Clarence Tapscott, District of Columljia. 
Kdward Taylor, District of Columtiia. 
Janies Thomas, Di.«trict of Columljia. 

L. Byrd Trawick, (ieor;;ia. 

Ileni-y Turner, District of Columbia. 
Raymnml AVeljl), Delaware. 

Cbavles Wriebt, District of Columbia. 


REGULATIONS. 

I. The aeadeiuie vear is divided into three term.s, tlie ilr.M beuinning on tlio Thurs¬ 
day before the last^Tlmrsilay in September and closing on tlie 2Itli of December; 
tlie second Ijcgimiing tlie 2d' of Junnary and closing tlie last of .Alarch; tlie third 
lieginning the 1st of Ajiril and closing tiie Wednesday liefore tlie last AVednesday in 
June. 

II. The vacations are from the 24tli of Deeeinher to the 2d of January, and from 
the AA’ediu'sday before the lust AA'ednesday in June to tlie Tlmrsilay before tlie last 
'Thursday in Se|itemlier. 

III. There are iiolidays at Thank.sgiving, AA’ashiiigton’s Birthday, Faster, and 
Decoration Day. 

lA'. The pupils may visit tlieir lioinos during tlie ri'gnlar vacatioms and at tlie 
above-named holidays, hut at no ottier time, unless for some s]>ue.ial, uigont reason, 
luiii tiieii only liy permission of the iiresident. 

A'. The bills for tlie nudntenanee and tuition of piijiils sup)iorted Ijy their friends 
mu«t lie paid semianinially in advance. 

AM, 'Tile cliarge for ]iay pufiils is .‘?2.A0 eaeli ikt anmmi. 'ITiis sum covers all 
expenses in the primary department except clothing, and all in tlie college, except 
clothing and liooks. 

AM 1. All deaf-mutes of teaeluihle age, of good mental eupaoity, and projierly helong- 
iiig to tlie District of Columbia are received without cliarge. To students from tlio 
States and Territories wlio iiave not tlie means of defraying all tlie e,\])euses of 
tlie college course tlie board of directors renders sileli assistance as cireumstances 
seem to reijnire, as far as tlie means at its dispo.sal will allow. 

AMII. It is expeeted that tlie friends of the pupils will provide them with clothing, 
and it is imijorfiint that iiiion entering or returning to tlie in.stitiition they slionld be 
supplied witli a snlTieient amonnt for an entire year. All clothing should he plainly 
marked with the owner’s name. 

IX, All letters eoneerning puiiils or ajiplieations for admi.s.“ion should be addressed 
to the president. 

X. 'The institution is open to vi.sitors during term time on Tliursdays only, lietween 
the hours of 10 a. m. and M p. m. Visitors are admitted to eha])el services on Sunday 
afternoons ato’clock. 

XL Congress has mail(> provision for the edneatioii, at ]juhlic, exjienso, of tlie indi¬ 
gent blind of teucliable age lielonging to tlie District of Columbia. I’ersons desiring 
to av,uil tlieniselves of tliis provision are reipiired by law to make application to tlie 
president of this institution. 


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